First Parliamentary Reform Bill. First Woman’s Suffrage bill presented to the House of Commons.
Second reform Bill. Petition from women presented to parliament by John Stuart Mill. Lydia Becker leads the formation of Manchester National Society for Women’s Suffrage (NSWS). Formation of the London NSWS follows, with Millicent Garrettt Fawcett one of the leaders.
Isle of Man grants the vote to women
Third Reform Bill. Amendment proposed to include women – and is rejected.
National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) formed with twenty societies signing up in London and elsewhere. Millicent Garrett Fawcett is elected President.
From 1866 to 1902 peaceful agitation by NUWSS and others leads to numerous petitions, bills and resolutions going before the House of Commons. Some get a second reading, all are rejected
Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) formed in Manchester by Emmeline Pankhurst.
Militant campaign begins. Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney are arrested and imprisoned. Deeds not Words and Votes for Women are adopted as campaign slogans.
WSPU moves to London. Liberal government returned by a landslide.
Feb: ‘Mud March’- suffragist march on Parliament – so-called because of the awful weather
Women’s Parliament at Caxton Hall
Sept: Women’s Freedom League (WFL) is formed, led by Charlotte Despard, breaking away from WSPU, in response to domination of the movement by the Pankhursts as leaders, in favour of democratic and constitutional organisation and to address wider agenda of women’s issues. WFL establishes the paper The Vote
Oct: Votes for Women launched
Asquith becomes Prime Minister, following resignation of Campbell-Bannerman.
June: Mass Hyde park rally
Dec: Actresses Franchise League established at meeting at Criterion Restaurant
First hunger strikes by suffragettes. Forcible feeding introduced
May: Votes for Women Exhibition, Prince’s Skating Rink, Knightsbridge
Formation of the National League for Opposing Women’s Suffrage.
Dissolution of Parliament following battles over budget.
Nov: A Pageant of Great Women first performed at Scala Theatre
Liberals return to power with reduced majority.
‘The Truce’ is declared – an end to militancy as Conciliation Committee promotes Suffrage Bill which passes second reading. Parliament dissolved once more following struggles between Liberal government and House of Lords.
July: Major rally in Hyde Park
Women march on House of Commons: Black Friday
April: No Vote No Census protest
Record-breaking Coronation procession
Re-election of Liberal government. Further Truce with militants. New Conciliation Bill passes second reading with large majority – only to be torpedoed in November.
Mass widow-smashing campaign. Labour Party supports women’s suffrage in alliance with NUWSS.
Mar: Christabel flees to Paris.
Oct: Sylvia Pankhurst establishes campaign in East End in support of George Lansbury and his candidacy in Bow and Bromley by-election
Split in WSPU as Emmeline and Frederick Pethick-Lawrence are expelled. They continue to edit Votes for Women. WSPU sets up The Suffragette.
Speaker’s ruling wrecks hopes of amendment to include women in Reform Bill. Militant bomb and arson campaigns express widespread fury.
April: Cat and Mouse Act introduced – women can be temporarily released because of ill-health and then immediately re-arrested.
WSPU offices raided.
June: Emily Wilding Davis dies from injuries received on Derby Day under the hoofs of the King’s horse. Huge funeral procession held in London. Emmeline Pankhurst is arrested and goes on hunger and thirst strike.
Violent action continues.
Sylvia Pankhurst’s East London Federation forced to split from WSPU because of focus on working women and her socialist links and sympathies.
4th August – War is declared. Suffrage prisoners are released
Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst cease campaigning, support recruitment of soldiers and urge women to join the war effort.
Sylvia Pankhurst campaigns in the East End against war and for equal pay and rights for working women.
Many actresses including Lena Ashwell, Eva and Decima Moore and Inez Bensusan divert efforts into creating entertainment for the troops.
NUWSS under Millicent Garrett Fawcett declares ‘unconditional co-operation with the Government’
Kitty Marion opposes war but is deported as a German national and moves to the US.
Women’s extensive involvement in war work
Representation of the People Act includes a clause giving the vote to women over thirty.